Mazda 3 since 2003
1. Operation and maintenance of the car
2. Engine
2.1. General description of new engines of the L8, LF and L3 models
2.1.1. Mechanical part of engines
2.1.1.1. Cover of a head of the block of cylinders
2.1.1.2. Head of the block of cylinders
2.1.1.3. Laying of a head of the block of cylinders
2.1.1.4. Block of cylinders
2.1.1.5. Bent shaft and radical bearing
2.1.1.6. Balancing block
2.1.1.7. Principle of operation of the balancing block
2.1.1.8. Damper of tortional fluctuations of a bent shaft
2.1.1.9. Forward cover of the engine
2.1.1.10. Piston
2.1.1.11. Piston rings and piston finger
2.1.1.12. Rod and conrod bearing
2.1.1.13. The valvate mechanism – general information
2.1.1.14. Camshaft
2.1.1.15. Camshaft asterisk
2.1.1.16. Asterisk of a bent shaft
2.1.1.17. Gas distribution mechanism drive chain
2.1.1.18. Natyazhitel of a gas distribution mechanism drive chain
2.1.1.19. The valve, a valvate spring, a maslootrazhatelny cap, the directing valve plug
2.1.1.20. Valve pusher
2.1.2. Mechanism of change of phases of gas distribution
2.1.3. Lubrication system
2.1.4. Cooling system
2.1.5. Fuel system
2.1.6. System of production of the fulfilled gases and system of decrease in toxicity
2.1.7. Electric equipment of engines
2.2. Mechanical part of engines
2.3. Appendix 1
2.4. Appendix 2
2.5. Appendix 3
2.6. The Z6 engine – a mechanical part
2.7. Lubrication system
2.8. Cooling system
2.9. System of an admission
2.10. Fuel system
2.11. System of production of the fulfilled gases and system of decrease in toxicity
2.12. System of ignition
2.13. Control system
2.14. Tables
3. Transmission
4. Running gear
5. Steering mechanism
6. Brake system
7. Onboard electric equipment
8. Body
 








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2.1.1.2. Head of the block of cylinders

Fig. 2.4. Head of the block of cylinders: 1 – bolt of fastening of a head of the cylinder; 2 – party of release; 3 – party of an admission; 4 – forward part of the engine; 5 – a corner between two valves; 6 – inlet channel; 7 – inlet channel


The head of the block of cylinders tempered, is made of light aluminum alloy and has very high heat conductivity. The head is supplied with new compact cameras of combustion of a maple form. The Klinovy form promotes high detonation resistance and increases fuel profitability of the engine. Spark plugs are established in the top part of combustion chambers for improvement of efficiency of combustion. Channels of admission/release are located cross (a corner between valves - 39 °, in each cylinder – two inlet and two final valves) thanks to what big efficiency of an admission and release is reached. Bolts of fastening of a head of cylinders have the inhaling moment in a plasticity zone, the inhaling is carried out in five receptions. It provides stability of an axis of a bolt at an inhaling (fig. 2.4).

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2.1.1.1. Cover of a head of the block of cylinders
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2.1.1.3. Laying of a head of the block of cylinders